America Colombia is aconstitutional
republic.She is bordered in
the east byVenezuelaand
Brazilto the south byEcuadorandPeruto
the north by theCaribbean Sea to
the northwest byPanama and to
the west by thePacific Ocean.
Colombia also sharesmaritime
Costa RicaWith a population of
over 46 million people, Colombia has the29th
largest populationin the world
and the second largest in South America, afterBrazil.
Colombia has the fourth largestSpanish-speakingpopulation
in the world afterMexico, theUnited
States, and Spain.
The indigenous peopleincluding
andTairona originally inhabited
the territory of what is now "Colombia".
The Spanish arrived in 1499 and initiated a period of conquest and
of New Granada(comprising
modern-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, the northwest region of Brazil and
Panama) with its capital in BogotáIndependence
from Spain waswonin
1819, but by 1830 "Gran Colombia" had collapsed with the secession of
Venezuela and Ecuador. What is now Colombia and Panama emerged as theRepublic
of New Granada. The new nation experimented with federalism as the Granadine
Confederation(1858), and then
theUnited States of Colombia(1863),
before the Republic of Colombia was finally declared in 1886.Panama
secededin 1903 under pressure to
fulfill financial responsibilities towards the United States government to
build the Panama Canal...... Read More
On the northwest, Colombia is bordered by Panama ,
on the east by Venezuela and Brazil, and on the southwest by Peru and
Ecuador. Through the western half of the country, three Andean ranges run
north and south. The eastern half is a low, jungle-covered plain,.........
Colombia’s climate is tropical, which is marked by
a great deal of wet weather. Summer is the main season for rain, although
generally it is wet all year round. Being close to the equator, the low
coastal areas of Colombia have high temperatures and high humidity,..........
A culture is
expressed through the art, literature, music, and cuisine of the region.
Diversity is characteristic to the culture of Colombia. The cultures of
different countries influenced the culture of Colombia.
Owing to geography, Colombia contains five main natural regions namely, the
Andes mountain ranges, the Caribbean Sea coastal region, the Pacific Ocean
coastal region, the Llanos (plains) and the Amazon rain forest region.......
Not much is known about the
various Indian tribes the inhabitants of Colombia before the Spanish
arrived. In 1510 Spaniards founded Darien, the first permanent European
settlement on the American mainland. In 1538 they established the colony of
New Granada, the area's name........