A Central European and
Mediterranean country, Croatia is bordered by Slovenia in the west, Hungary
in the north, Serbia in the east and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the south.
Croatia also has a long maritime border with Italy in the Adriatic Sea.
These borders total 2,028 km altogether. Croatia has a strange shape
(similar to a croissant) - similar to no other country in the world - which
comes as a result of five centuries of expansion by the Ottoman (Turkish)
empire towards Central Europe (although Croatia was never conquered by the
Croatia covers a land area of
56,540 square kilometres
and has a population of about 4.403 million people (2011 census). Over 90% of
the population is Croat (the majority of whom are Roman Catholics), but
there are also Serbian, Bosnian, Hungarian and Italian minorities. The main
population centres areZagreb,
the capital (with a population of just under 800,000), Osijek in the
northwest, and the ports ofRijeka,
the south. The official language isCroatian,
which is written in the Latin script.
Croatia has an amazing 5,835km of coastline, 4,057km of
which belongs to islands, cliffs and reefs. There are 1,185islandsin
the Adriatic, but only about 50 are populated. The largest island is Krk
(near Rijeka) which has a land area of 462 square km.
The climate is Mediterranean along the Adriatic coast,
meaning warm dry summers and mild winters, with 2,600 hours of sunlight on
average yearly - it is one of the sunniest coastlines in Europe! In the
interior of the country, the climate is continental with hot summers and
cold, snowy winters.
The geographical area ofCroatiacan
be divided into three major natural and geographic parts: The Pannonian and
Peri-Pannonian area, which comprises of the lowland and hilly parts of
eastern and northwestern Croatia; mountains higher than 500 m are rare and
of an insular..........
its islands in the Adriatic Sea are the part of Croatia that is best known
and most visited by tourists.
This region has a Mediterranean
type of climate with mild winters and warm, sometimes even hot and sunny
summers. The coast is backed by the high mountains of the Dinaric Alps
rising up to 1800 m (Velebit,Biokov)
Winter rainfall in this part of Croatia is quite heavy............
The South Slavic language is
the Croatian languagewhich is
used primarily by the inhabitants of Croatia as well as Croats in Bosnia and
Herzegovina. Croatian is based on the Ijekavian pronunciation of the
Stokavian dialect (with some influence from Cakavian and Kajkavian)........
The history of Croatia can be traced back to
prehistoric times, although not enough evidence exists of any
particularly large settlements or tribes of that time.
Fast-forwarding a little, to around 1000 BC, a number of Illyrian tribes
settled in various areas to which they eventually gave........