Soon after the World War I,
the closely related Czechs and Slovak of the forme Austro Hungarian Empire
merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, the new country's
leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the demands of other ethnic
minorities within the republic, most notably the Sudeten Germans and the
Ruthenians (Ukrainians). After World War II, a truncated Czechoslovakia fell
within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact
troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize Communist
party rule and create "socialism with a human face." Anti-Soviet
demonstrations the following year ushered in a period of harsh repression.
With the collapse of Soviet authority in 1989, Czechoslovakia regained its
freedom through a peaceful "Velvet Revolution." On 1 January 1993, the
country underwent a "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the
Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the
European Union in 2004.
The central European landscape the Czech Republic is dominated by the
Bohemian Massif, which rises to heights of 3,000 ft (900 m) above sea level.
This ring of mountains encircles a large elevated basin, the Bohemian
The climate is mixed in Czech Republic,
Continental influences are marked by large fluctuations in both temperature
and precipitation, while moderating oceanic influences diminish from west to
east. In general, temperatures decrease with increasing altitude but are
relatively uniform across the country at lower elevations.............
In the Czech life, family is the centre of the social
structure, responsibility of the family is a person's first priority.
Czechs prize forward thinking, logical, practical, and
efficient, careful planning, in both one's business and personal life,
provides a sense of security, rules and regulations allow people to know
what is expected and to plan their life accordingly..........
Probably about the 5th centuryA.D.
the Slavic tribes from the Vistula basin settled in the region of Bohemia,
Moravia, and Silesia. The Czechs founded the kingdom of Bohemia and the
Premyslide dynasty, which ruled Bohemia and Moravia from the 10th to the