called ‘Hellas ‘ in Greek language, (Ελλάς, Ελλάδα ) and is officially known
as the Hellenic
Republic or (Elliniki Dimokratia, Ελληνική Δημοκρατία).
Located in southeastern Europe, Greece occupyies the
southernmost part of the Balkan Peninsula. It borders Albania, the former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the
east. The Aegean Sea lies to the
east and south of mainland Greece, while the
Ionian Sea lies to the west.
Greece is located between the 34°
and 42° parallel N., with a meridional extent from 19° to 28° E. Greece
extends over 131,940 square kilometers (51,146 sq. miles). Greece consists
of a mainland area of 106,778 square kilometres and thousands of islands
large and small, covering a further 25,179 square kilometres...........
The climate of Greece is
Mediterranean, enjoying long hot dry summers and mild winters. Summer
temperatures in Greece are tempered by the Etesian northerly wind, which
blows across the Aegean Sea, and breezes called "meltemia", but the
mercury on the mainland regularly hits the......
Greece is influenced by its
location, at the junction between the East and the West and by the many
occupations endured by the Greek people throughout history, therefore it is
not surprising that Greece is a country of a great interests and diverse
The first ever evidence of
human life in Greece dates back to the Palaeolithic period between
120,000-10,000 B.C. However, it was not until the Neolithic period dated
approximately 7,000 - 3,000 B.C. that Greek civilisation grew and