Guatemala is abeautiful
country bursting with striking features, biodiversity and an indigenous
culture with a powerful and vibrant identity. It boasts of volcanoes, thick
tropical forests, outstanding Mayan ruins that stretch out and above the
surrounding forest canopy, beautiful lakes, and is bursting with exotic
fauna, flora and wildlife.
area of over 108,000 sq Km, slightly smaller than England, Guatemala is one
of the largest and most beautiful and culturally rich country in Central
America. It shares its main border with Mexico to the north, the east by
the Caribbean Sea and Belize, on the west by the Pacific Ocean, and on the
south by both Honduras and El Salvador.
Guatemala also has a fascinating
environment, with over8000
species of plants in 19 different ecosystems. It overflows with an abundance
of animals; 250 species of mammals, 600 species of bird and 200 species of
reptiles and amphibians. Guatemala is also home to the resplendentquetzal,
the national bird, which is often used to symbolize Central America.
awe inspiring, from mountainous forest highlands, to jungle plains, and
volcanoes spread through out the highlandsin
the Cuchumatanes range, theyreach
Cuchumatanes range includes the volcanoTajumulco,
the tallest peak in Mesoamerica, standing at 4,220m.
protected areasofnational parks and biological reservesand
north of Guatemala city the highlands of Alta Verapaz slowlydescendsinto
the low lands ofPetén.
Petén; part of Central America’s largest tract of virgin rainforest, the
Mayan Biosphere Reserve (MBR), encompasses the Guatemala-Mexico border. The
low plains of the Petén form part of the tierra caliente, they are hot and
humid through out the year.
In size Guatemala is a little smaller than the state of Tennessee (108,890
sq. km.) and has borders with four countries: Mexico (west and north),
Belize (norhteast), Honduras (east) and El Salvador (southeast). It has
access to both the Pacific Ocean (south) and the Caribbean (east). It has a
total of 1,687 kilometers of borders..........
Climate of Guatemala is lovely all the year round and makes travel possible
at any time. The rainy season is generally from May to November. Climate
variations are due to altitude, but it is generally hot throughout the
country. The north has a hot, tropical climate with maximum rainfall between
May and September.............
Strong Mayan and Spanish influences reflects
the national culture of Guatemala. During the second half of the 19th
century, it was influenced by the arrival of other Europeans, especially
Germans, and recently by recent movements of thousands of Guatemalans to and
Long before the Spanish arrived The Mayan civilization flourished throughout
much of Guatemala and the surrounding region, but it was already in decline
when the Mayans were defeated by Pedro de Alvarado in 1523-24. During
Spanish colonial rule, most of Central America came under the control of the
Captaincy General of...........