Honduras is the second largest
country in Central America, bordered by Guatemala and El Salvador to the
west, Nicaragua to the south, and has coastlines along both the Pacific
Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Honduras is characterized by humid, tropical
weather, moderate temperatures, and long periods of drought caused partly by
deforestation. In addition, contamination from mining activities has
severely impacted the quality and quantity of available water. With its
mountainous terrain, Honduras has a limited transportation network, thereby
isolating rural residents. Natural resources include timber, gold, silver,
copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, coal, fish, and hydropower.
Spanish is the predominant language, but English and several dialects of
Amerindian also are spoken. Approximately 90 percent of Hondurans are
Mestizo, a mix of Amerindian and European, primarily Spanish heritage. The
third poorest country in Latin America, Honduras faces particularly acute
poverty and food insecurity in rural areas, where 53 percent of the
population lives. On average, only one-third of Honduran children attend
school past the primary level, resulting in decreased availability of
qualified labor, productivity, and income generation. Child labor is also an
issue, as an estimated 384,000 children and adolescents between the ages of
five and 18 are employed.
At present the government of Honduras has implemented a national poverty
reduction strategy to combat the 28 percent unemployment rate and to help
the 51 percent of people who live below the poverty line. Education reform
is a key element to this strategy, including the provision of school food
for all children. Other goals of the strategic plan are debt relief,
health-care reform, utilization of national resources, and international
Despite reform efforts, the quality of healthcare is still in decline due to
the scarcity of medicines supplies, human resources, and facilities. Out
of four Honduran children under five years of age one suffers from chronic
malnutrition. In some rural communities in the western area of the country,
that total can reach 88 percent. Poor housing conditions (including hay
roofs, dirt floors, and interior cooking fires) also contribute to ill
health among thousands of families.
Situated in Central America, Honduras
borders the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean. Guatemala lies to the
west, Nicaragua south east and El Salvador to the south west. It is the
second largest Central American republic. The triangular-shaped country has
a total area of just over 43,000 square miles (110,000 km2)..........
Although all of Honduras lies within the tropics, the climatic types of each
of the three physiographic regions differ. The Caribbean lowlands have a
tropical wet climate with consistently high temperatures and humidity, and
rainfall fairly evenly distributed throughout the year.............
Honduras Culture is
simply vibrant but unique like the country itself and its democratic
constitutional republic. The ethnic composition are of Mestizo 90%,
Amerindian 7%, Black African 2 % and White 1% and the religious composition
consists of Roman catholic 97% and ..........
The Mayan ruins, which have been restored near
the Guatemalan border in Copan reflect the great Mayan culture that
flourished there for hundreds of years until the early 9th century. Columbus
landed at mainland Honduras (Trujillo) in 1502. He named the area "Honduras"
(meaning "depths") for the deep water off the coast...........