Hungary is a Central European country which is oval in
shape with a length from east to west of about 528 km and a maximum width
from north to south of about 267 km. The largest city Budapest is the
capital of Hungary.
Hungary is predominantly a flat land. The River Danube
divides it into two general regions.
One of them is a low plain known as the Great Hungarian
Plain (Great Alföld). Highlands along the northern border of the country
extend eastward. Mount Kékes in the Mátra Mountains ( it is part of the
highlands), is the highest peak in Hungary.
The area west of the Danube is known as Transdanubia,
presents a variety of land forms. In the south rise the isolated Mecsek
Mountains. In the north are the Bakony Mountains, which overlook Lake
Balaton, the largest freshwater lake in central Europe. The north-western
section of Hungary is another plainland the Little Alföld or Kisalföld.
In A.D. 1000 Hungary became a Christian kingdom and for
many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in
Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian
Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist
rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal
from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by
Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began
liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary
held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market
economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004.
Hungary is situated in the
southern zone of Central Europe and in the center of the
Carpathian Basin. Surrounded by
the East Alps, the Carpathians and the Dinaric Mountains. The country sits
lower than its neighboring countries. The ocean current considerably
decreases in the territory of Hungary; however, the continental climate is
still not predominant...........
Hungary is in the temperate
zone with four seasons, more specifically, to the temperate continental
area. Due to the fact that Hungary has a small territory, a low height above
sea level and a low level of verticular configuration, there are no
significant differences between the climatic conditions of individual
Hungarians generally are not
uninhibited like the Romanians or the sentimental Slavs, who will laugh or
cry at the drop of a hat (or a drink). They are reserved, very formal
people. Forget about the impassioned, devil-may-care Gypsy stereotype – it
doesn’t exist. The overall mood is one of honfibú, literally
‘patriotic sorrow’ but really a penchant for the blues...........
For half a century beginning
in 899, the Magyars the name Hungarians call themselves ravaged Europe.
Fierce horsemen from the East, they penetrated German lands, northern Italy
and France. An ardent prayer of the time implores, "From the arrows of the
Hungarians, O Lord,...........