more than 17,000 islands Indonesia, the vast Indonesian archipelago spans
5,120 km across the equator, positioned between the Asian and Australian
continents. Four-fifths of the area is sea with the major islands of
Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua. The 300 ethnic groups that
exist harmoniously give birth to a potpourri of cultures and fascinating
people. The major ethnic groups are: Minangkabaunese, Malay, Javanese,
Sundanese, Maduranese and Ambonnese. Arab, Chinese and Indian immigrants
have also settled in regions throughout the country, particularly in the
Geographically, Indonesia's landscape is greatly varied. Java and Bali have
the most fertile islands and rice fields are concentrated in these two
regions, whereas Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua are still
largely covered with tropical rainforest. Open savannah and grassland
characterize Nusa Tenggara.
that comprise most of Indonesia has a characteristically tropical climate
with abundant rainfall, high-temperatures and humidity. Rainy Indonesia's
tropical climate and unique geographical character provide shelter for flora
and fauna that are as diversely rich as its land and people. The plant and
animals in Indonesia's western region represent that of mainland Asia while
those in the eastern region are typical of Australia. Endemic species,
which are the pride of Indonesia exist in the central region, such as
orangutans, tigers, one-horned rhinos, elephants, dugongs, anoas and komodo
dragons. The warm tropical waters of the archipelago nurture a rich marine
environment that holds a myriad of fish, coral species and marine mammals.
heritage passed on through generations offers a wealth of traditional arts
and crafts. Batik, wooden carvings, weavings, silverworks and many other
traditional skills produce exquisitely beautiful items. Indonesia's
multi-racial and multi-religious culture mean festivals steeped in
traditions are celebrated throughout the year. Frequently featured in these
events are dances, wayang theaters and other performing arts.
Indonesia is an archipelago in
Southeast Asia consisting of 17,000 islands (6,000 inhabited) and straddling
the equator. The largest islands are Sumatra, Java (the most populous),
Bali, Kalimantan (Indonesia's part of Borneo), Sulawesi (Celebes), the Nusa
Tenggara islands, the..........
The main variable of Indonesia's climate is
rainfall, not temperature or air pressure. The almost uniformly warm waters
that make up 81 percent of Indonesia's area ensure that temperatures on land
remain fairly constant. Split by the equator, the archipelago is almost
Islam is the primary religion
of Indonesia, about 88% of Indonesians consider themselves Muslim. Other
religions exercised in the country are Buddhism,
Catholicism, Confucianism, Hinduism and Protestantism............
The islands of Java and Sumatra had already enjoyed a 1,000-year heritage of
advanced civilization spanning two major empires by the time of the
Renaissance. During the 7th-14th centuries, the Buddhist kingdom of
Srivijaya flourished on Sumatra. At its peak,...........