The State of Israel is an
independent nation in southwest Asia, is located between the eastern shores
of the Mediterranean Sea and the head of the Gulf of AQABA, an arm of the
Red Sea. Israel was established on May 14, 1948, as a Jewish state. Israel
is considered the Holy Land for Christians, Jews, and Muslims. The official
language of Israel is Hebrew. English is widely used as a second language,
and recently Russian has become commonplace. Freedom of religion and the
inviolability of the holy places and centers of worship for all religions
are guaranteed by law. For the Jewish population, supreme religious
authority is vested in the Chief Rabbinate, made up of a chief rabbi. from
the Ashkenazim and one from the Sephardim, along with the Supreme Rabbinical
A small Middle East country,
Israel is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea with Lebanon to the north,
Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the south and west.
The central plateau, called
the West Bank, is the ancient Israel heartland containing Jerusalem. To the
north are the Lebanese........
Israel is located between 29°-33° north of the equator, which is
characterized as a subtropical region, between the temperate zone and the
tropical zone. The northern and coastal regions of Israel show Mediterranean
climate characterized by hot and dry summers and cool rainy ............
Till the recent past, culture
of Israel has been predominantly religious, be it Jewish, Christian or
Muslim. Although the hoe-that-field, pick-that-fruit, scoutlike kibbutz
feeling is still in evidence, and although Judaism is the state religion,
Israel is rapidly turning into a cosmopolitan.............
The creation of the State of Israel in 1948 was preceded by more than 50
years of efforts to establish a sovereign nation as a homeland for Jews.
These efforts were initiated by Theodore Herzl, founder of the Zionist
movement, and were given added impetus by the Balfour ,............