One of the three islands in the
Northern Caribbean is Jamaica it forms the Greater Antilles. It is the
largest English-speaking country in the Caribbean Sea, stretching 146 miles
from east to west. Jamaica is well placed on the world’s major shipping
and airline routes.
The name Jamaica is derived from an
Arawak (aboriginal Indian) word “Xaymaca”, meaning “land of wood and
water”. And so it is! With waterfalls, and springs, rivers and streams
flowing from the forest-clad mountains to the fertile plains, Jamaica has
one of the richest and most varied landscapes in the region.
For those who like to explore, the
island offers a feast of contrasts. The north coast, with its popular
resort areas of Montego Bay, Runaway Bay, Ocho Rios and Port Antonio,
features fine coral beaches and broad plains where sugar cane, coconuts and
citrus fruits are grown. On the western tip of the island is Negril, once a
remote, swampy outpost but now a beachcomber’s paradise. The southern
region of the island offers a rugged coastline where majestic mountains
plunge into the sea - like inspirational Lover's Leap in St. Elizabeth, a
1500-foot cliff of romantic legend.
The center of the island is mostly
mountainous and heavily wooded, spotted occasionally with small mining towns
and villages. And, of course, there's the famous Cockpit Country in the
Northwest region, an eerie terrain of conical hills and deep sinkholes. The
central mountain range, dominated by the 7,402-foot Blue Mountain, divides
the south coast of the island from the north and extends from Half Moon Bay
to Portland. This great variety of terrain and climate allows virtually
everything to grow here.
Visitors can step into a country market
and see a vast array of tropical fruits and vegetables with such unfamiliar
names as callaloo, dasheen, soursop, breadfruit, cho-cho, ackee and Otaheite
apple. Jamaica's main exports (other than tourism) are sugar, citrus fruits,
bananas, spices, bauxite and world-famous Blue Mountain coffee.
Jamaica is an
West Indies island ,90 mi (145 km) south of Cuba and 100 mi (161 km) west of
Haiti. It is a little smaller than..........
Jamaica’s greatest allures is its idyllic tropical maritime climate. Coastal
temperatures average a near-constant 80F to 86F year-round. Temperatures
fall steadily with increasing altitude but even in the Blue Mountains
average 65F or more............
Jamaican culture usually called Jamaican aspects of culture can be aptly
described as the Jamaican human activity within different aspects of
everyday life that relate to Jamaican traditions.............
Prior to Christopher Columbus' first arrival at the
island in 1494Arawaks from South America the Arawak had settled in Jamaica.
During the occupation of Spain in the island, starting in 1510 the Arawaks
were exterminated by disease, slavery, and war............