Japan is a
small nation in the eastern part of Asia, which has today emerged as the
second largest economy of the
world and subsequently a member of the United Nations, G8
and APEC. Lying to the east of China,
Japan is surrounded by the Sea of Okhotsk in the north and
the East China Sea on the South. The name Japan itself signifies
“sun-origin” and that is precisely the reason why it is called the “Land of the Rising Sun”
across the globe. With a conglomeration of about 3000 islands, and a
mountainous and volcanic
Japan is presently
the 10th most
populated country in the world . Japan's highest point is
Fuji and the city of Tokyo
is Japan 's
capital and the
largest city in the country.
of Japan is in the
Chinese history texts of the 10th millennium BC, but recent
survey has shown that mankind inhabited Japanese islands back in the
Paleolithic age. Although civilization started around 3 rd century BC with
the Jamon culture, the Japanese culture was truly shaped with the
introduction of Mahayana Buddhism
during the 6 th century AD. In the succession of imperial
rules that followed, special mention of the Samurais the ruling
warrior class of the feudal era
must not be left out. Japan
first opened its secluded economy to the world during the 19th
century with the advent of the
Japan 's most
significant mention in History came during the World War II with the
bombing of Hiroshima and
Nagasaki. Following the defeat in World War II Japan set up a unitary constitutional monarchy in 1947
, which follows liberal policies.
Ever since, the world has witnessed Japan 's spectacular rise
in world economy mostly owing to its high-technology boom . It
is rapidly expanding and its culture is being shaped today by its vast
number of major cities. Although
Japan enjoys mostly a temperate climate, there is a
variation as one travels from the North to South. The Pacific Ring of Fire
however makes Japan extremely vulnerable to
volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis. Typhoons are
predominant all across Japan ,
which brings heavy rains. However tourism of Japan thrives
especially on all its natural resources like the Hot Springs . Martial arts and Sumo Wrestlingthe national sport of
Japan is also noted throughout the world.
With an area of 377,873 km², Japan is located in the North Pacific off the
coast of Russia and the Korean peninsula making it slightly smaller in land
mass than California. Japan consists of four main larger islands and more
than 4000 smaller islands..........
Japan has basically wet and
humid climate and is marked in most places by four distinct seasons.
Hokkaido and other parts of northern Japan have long, harsh winters and
relatively cool summers. Average temperatures in the northern city of
Sapporo dip to -5°C in January but reach .........
For many people, the mention of Japanese culture
conjures up images of weird masks and extravagantly made-up actors twirling
red umbrellas on a stage and elegant, kimono-clad ladies demurely pouring
cups of tea in tranquil cherry-blossomed temples............
Traditionally, legend of Japan maintains that
Japan was founded in 600 BC by the Emperor Jimmu, a direct descendant of the
sun goddess and ancestor of the present ruling imperial family. About AD
405, the Japanese court officially adopted the Chinese writing system............