Officially Hashemite Kingdom of Jordon. Located in
South West Asia and bordered by Israel in the west, Syria in the North
, by Iraq in North East and Saudi Arabia in the south Eastern. Estimated
population of 2011 census 6.181 million approximately. Amman is the capital and largest city. Prior to 1967 Jordan
fell into three main geographical regions: East Jordan, which encompasses
about 92% of the country's land area; the Jordanian Highlands (highest
point, 5,755 ft/1,754 m); and West Jordan (the West Bank, part of historic
Palestine. In the Arab-Israeli War of 1967, Israel captured and occupied the
West Bank, and Jordan has since renounced its claim to the area (see below).
Jordan's economy has traditionally been based on agriculture, although less
than 5% of the land is arable. The principal crops are vegetables, wheat,
and citrus fruits; olives are grown for oil. Manufactures are limited to
such items as foodstuffs, clothing, and cement, and there is some oil
refining. Phosphate rock and potash are the only minerals produced in
quantity. The annual cost of Jordan's imports far exceeds its earnings from
exports. Aqaba, on the Gulf of Aqaba, is the only seaport. The inhabitants
of Jordan are mostly of Arab descent (over half are of Palestinian descent),
and Arabic is the official language, although English is also spoken among
the higher socio-economic groups. About 95% of the people are Sunni Muslims.
Under the 1952 constitution, the king is the most powerful figure in the
country; he appoints a cabinet (headed by a prime minister). The bicameral
parliament has been convened and dissolved by the king several times since
1974; the 1989 elections were the first in 22 years. Political parties were
again permitted to field candidates in 1993.
small country Jordan is a situated at the junction of the Levantine and
Arabian areas of the Middle East. The country is bordered on the north by
Syria, to the east by Iraq, and by Saudi Arabia on the east and south. To
the west is Israel and the occupied West Bank,..........
The country of Jordon has a Mediterranean-style climate. The major
characteristic of the climate is the contrast between a relatively rainy
season from November to April and very dry weather for the rest of the year.
With hot, dry, uniform summers and cool, variable winters during which
practically all of the precipitation occurs,..........
The fusion of Arabic and Islamic elements has resulted in the Jordan
culture. Islam is the state religion of Jordan. The majority of Jordan
population belongs to the Sunni sect with a small minority of people
belonging to the Shi’a sect. Jordan offers a great degree of
protection to other religions too............
Historically the land that became Jordan is part of the rich Fertile
Crescent region. The history began around 2000 B.C., when Semitic Amorites
settled around the Jordan River in the area called Canaan. Subsequent
invaders and settlers included Hittites, Egyptians, Israelites, ...........