Just the sound of the name, “Montenegro” confuses anyone in believing it to
be an South American country. But the truth is Montenegro is one of the
oldest European states. Taking a closer look around the European map, one
will discover that Europe with its entire national, cultural, and
historically geographical diversity hides a small, but in many ways special
and attractive state in it which is but Montenegro!
certainly is one of the most interesting
places in the world. Even though it covers solely around 14.000 km2 and it
only has about 670.000 citizens, its contribution to the world cultural
heritage is impressive comparing its size. During centuries of its rich
history Montenegro has survived and remained one of the brightest models for
the fight for freedom, for its own existence, and a place of which people
always spoke with respect. Christian, Muslim, Illyrian, Byzantine, Turkish,
and Slav civilizations merged here making Montenegro forever a crossroad of
culture and history.
Montenegro has changed its name
many times, from the Latin era under the mane of Prevalis, to the medieval
state Zeta, and then to the modern name Crna Gora (MONTENEGRO). As the name
changed, so did the land, thanks to the influence of all the civilizations
which for a shorter or longer period settled the territory of Montenegro,
turning it into a mosaic of cultural heritage. Even today, Montenegors
mosaic of cultural heritage is its most valuable aspect.
Some will say that its name,
Crna Gora (MONTENEGRO), was brought by the seamen for whom the open sea
seemed cragged and dark, because immediately above the warm shores rose
mountains and crags intersected with gorges. Others would say that its name
was given by its enemies, because of the bad luck which would strike
everyone trying to conquer it, in some long gone days. The truth lies that
the country carries its name by those who made it a state – the dynasty
Crnojevic. Along with the dynasty of Petrovic they have remained the
founders of a modern, small but proud, country in the Mediterranean.
This country of Montenegro is
located in the southern part of the Balkan peninsula. To the west, north and
east it borders on Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Serbia and Kosovo, and to
the south borders on Albania. Montenegro is a maritime country, with 200 km
The coastal regions generally
enjoy mild winters and hot summers, with sea tempera-tures ranging from
10-12°C in winter to 25-28°C in summer. During the winter bad weather tends
to accumulate mostly over the coastal mountain ranges, which frequently
leads to warm and sunny..........
Montenegro culture belongs to the Mediterranean and partly to the Pannonian-Danube
heritage. Accordingly, it has been exposed to a strong influence of the
Mediterranean the Central and East European civilization and culture. The
life style and culture of all ethnic groups in Montenegro are best
illustrated in its museums, which house over 12 000 artifacts............
The area of Montenegro was
inhabited principally byIllyrian
tribes in ancient times. During the 3rd century BC, an
indigenous Illyrian kingdom emerged with its capital at Skadar (today
Albania). Since the Illyrians were daring pirates and often attacked Greek
and Roman ships in the.........