A fairytale and fabled destination for all travelers, known for its
spectacular mountain scenery, its colorful bazaars, and its ancient capitals
at Fès and Marrakech. The name Morocco in most other languages originates
from the name of the former capital, Marrakech.Located at the crossroads of
several worlds: African, Mediterranean, Christian, and Islamic, Morocco has
forged a distinctive culture, apparent in its arts and architecture,
language, cuisine, and outlook on the world from these varied influences
from these countries. Spain lies directly only 13 km (8 mi) distant across
the Strait of Gibraltar from Morocco. The people of Morocco are
mainly Arabs and Berbers or of mixed Arab and Berber ancestry. Arabic is the
official language of the country, but many people speak a Berber language,
especially in rural areas. French is also spoken in the cities. Morocco’s
economy is based largely on agriculture, but tourism contributes
Morocco is a constitutional
monarchy, with a king as head of state and a prime minister as head of the
government. Rabat, where the king lives, is the capital of Morocco.
Casablanca, south of Rabat along the Atlantic coast, is the country’s
largest city and commercial center. Morocco borders the Mediterranean Sea
and Atlantic Ocean to its north and east, and the Sahara to its south.Morocco has the broadest plains
and the highest mountains in North Africa. The country has four main natural
regions. An area of highlands, called Er Rif, runs parallel to the
Mediterranean coast in the north, from Tangier to the Algerian border.
The Atlas Mountains, the second
region, extend across the center of the country from the southwest to the
northeast. The Taza Depression lies between Er Rif and the Atlas Mountains,
allowing passage across the northern interior of Morocco into Algeria. Broad
coastal plains along the Atlantic Ocean form the third region, framed by Er
Rif and the Atlas Mountains. Finally, plains and valleys south of the Atlas
Mountains merge with the Sahara along the southeastern border of Morocco.
Most Moroccans inhabit the Atlantic coastal plain. The Atlas Mountains
consist of several distinct and parallel ranges. The highest range, known as
the High Atlas or Grand Atlas, is in the middle. The next highest range,
known as the Middle Atlas, lies to the north of the High Atlas. A lower
range, called the Anti-Atlas, lies to the south of the High Atlas. The
highest mountain in Morocco is Jebel Toubkal in the Grand Atlas.Sandy beaches interrupted by
rocky outcrops line the Atlantic coast of Morocco, with particularly fine
beaches from Agadir south, sharp drops to the Mediterranean along Er Rif,
and stunning Mediterranean beaches along the Tangier Peninsula.
A country of northwestern Africa the Kingdom of Morocco is bordered by
Algeria, Mauritania, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea. Across
the narrow Strait of Gibraltar lies Spain.
Morocco's terrain divides into high mountains, coastal plains and lowlands,
Morocco enjoys a moderate and subtropical climate, cooled by breezes off theMediterranean
Ocean. In the interior the temperatures are more extreme, winters can be
fairly cold and the summers very hot.Marrakech
has an average winter temperature of 21°C (70°F) and summer temperature of
100°F (38°C). In theAtlas
can drop below zero.........
For a significant reason Morocco stands out distinctly though it is an
Islamic country. Due to the bold and strenuous efforts by King Mohammed VI,
Islam in Morocco is rapidly turning out to be a tool to modernize and
democratize the country............
Before Oqba bin Nafi brought Islam to Morocco in 680 AD. the Berber
population had seen their fair share of invaders: The Romans, Byzantines and
the Vandals. But this time things were different. Both the Arab conquerors
and their new faith took firmly root in all of North Africa..........