Norway is a
Scandinavian country that lies to the north of continental Europe on the
western seaboard. It has a border to the east with Sweden, but also has a
shorter border in the north with Finland and another in the far north with
Russia. Norway also has administrative responsibility for the territories of
Svalbard and Jan Mayen and asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica [Queen
Maud Land and its continental shelf.] There are three official languages in
Norway – Bokmål and Nynorsk are used throughout Norway and Sami is found in
the north. However, most Norwegians also speak some English and many speak
is generally rugged, with a high central plateau dissected by deep, long,
narrow fjords and fertile valleys. The south-west [Vestlandet] in contrast,
is generally of much lower elevation and much less rugged. This area is very
important agriculturally. As the percentage of arable land in the country is
only 3% of the total, the significance of the region to the agricultural
output of the country can be appreciated.
Norway is an
hereditary constitutional monarchy with a democratically elected government.
The country gained its independence in 1905, celebrated on its national day
on May 17. The constitution is from 1814. The Head of State is King Harald
V. Although the monarch’s position is largely ceremonial, the Government -
Council of Ministers or Regering [Kings’ Council]- is selected from the
members of The Parliament [Storting.] The Storting has 165 members. The
national government operates through Departments of State - Defence, Foreign
Affairs, etc. Local government is organised into Counties [19 Fylke)] and
Local Authorities [Kommune.] Elections are held every four years and
selection is by a complicated system of proportional representation; there
is universal sufferage at 18.
against EU membership in a 1994 referendum. However, except for agriculture
and fisheries, Norway enjoys free trade with the EU under the EEA agreement.
Many of the EU’s directives on goods, persons, services and capital have
been adopted by Norway. The country is not a member of the Economic and
Monetary Union and does not have a fixed exchange rate, although government
policy has been to align the Norwegian krone with European currencies, now
Norway is located in Northern Europe, bordering
the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden.Norway has
glaciated terrain of mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by
fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by
Because of the North Atlantic Drift, Norway has a
mild climate for a country so far north. With the great latitudinal range,
the north is considerably cooler than the south, while the interior is
cooler than the west coast, influenced by prevailing westerly winds and the
Though Norway is not a densely populated country but , it
has an incredibly rich, accomplished and varied cultural scene, thanks in
part to government funding of artists and institutions through our Arts
Council Norway, which finances artists of all kinds across Norway.............
In similarity to the Swedes and Danes, the
Norwegians were not organized even so late as the ninth century. The name of
king was borne by the chiefs and heads of separate clans, but their
authority was limited and the rights of the subjects very extensive...........