Part of the largest
non-continental island in the Pacific Papua New Guinea is a land of
incredible beauty, with awesome mountains, plunging gorges and rushing
rivers. It is in the middle of a long chain of islands which form part of a
great arc of mountains stretching from the Asian mainland through Indonesia
and into the South Pacific. It has more than 600 islands and is south of the
equator, some 150 kilometers north of Australia.
It encompasses the eastern half ofthe
Jaya, belonging to Indonesia) and its
offshore islands as well as the islands of theBismarck
Britain, New Ireland, and theAdmiralty
Islands) and those of Bougainville and Buka.
These islands stretch from just south of the Equator to the Torres Strait,
which separates NewGuineafromCape
York Peninsula, the northernmost extension
The official languages of the country are all introduced: English, Tok Pisin
(Melanesian Pidgin), and Hiri, or Police, Motu, the last being a simplified
form of the language of the people who lived around what is now the capital,
Port Moresby, when it was first established in 1884. The islands that
constitute Papua NewGuineahave
been settled for tens of thousands of years by the mixture of peoples who
are generally referred to as Melanesians, and one of the principal
challenges facing those who govern the modern state is the difficulty of
welding together hundreds of diverse, once-isolated regional societies into
a viable modern nation-state.
Papua New Guinea is an island
country in the South Pacific just north of Australia. It consists of the
eastern half of the island of New Guinea and adjacent islands, the Bismarck
Archipelago, and the northern Solomon Islands. The area is 178,260 square
miles (461,691 km 2 )...........
Papua New Guinea has a monsoonal climate characterized by high temperatures
and humidity throughout the year. The NW Monsoon season is from December to
March while the SW Monsoon season is from May to October. Rainfall is at its
heaviest in the highlands..........
More than 200 cultures, each
with different traditions, have been identified in Papua New Guinea .In a
country of four million people with 800 different languages, it cannot be
compared with any other country for its rich cultural diversity. There is no
such thing as a typical Papua.............
Melanesian, and Negrito tribes were the first inhabitants of the island New
Guinea who altogether spoke more than 700 distinct languages. The eastern
half of New Guinea was first explored by Spanish and Portuguese explorers in
the 16th century............