An Islamic Republic Pakistan has four provinces: Baluchistan, North West
Frontier Province (NWFP), Punjab and Sindh with their respective Capitals -
Quetta, Peshawar, LahoreandKarachi.
of Pakistan is Islamic Republic of Pakistan and its capital isIslamabad.
In addition to these provinces is the Federally Administered Northern Area (FANA),
which is divided into the districts of Diamer, Ghanche, Ghizer, Gilgit and
Skardu. There are also seven Federally Administered Tribal Areas. (FATA).
The national language isUrdu,
while the official language is English. Some of the main regional languages
include Sindhi, Baluchi, Punjabi and Pushto.
Pakistan has a federal
structure. Parliament consists of the Lower House (National Assembly) and
the Upper House (Senate). Members of the National Assembly are directly
elected and their term of office is five years. The National Assembly
determines the major policy issues and passes an annual budget and
legislation. It elects the Prime Minister from among its members.
The Prime Minister forms the
cabinet from among members of the Assembly and the Senate. Provinces have
their own elected legislative assemblies and Chief Ministers. The Provincial
Assemblies elect the majority of the members of the Upper House.
Pakistan is located between 23 degrees 35 minutes to 37 degrees 05 minutes
North latitude and 60 degrees 50 minutes to 77 degrees 50 minutes east
longitude. It touches the Hindukush Mountains in the north and extends from
the Pamirs to the Arabian Sea...........
Pakistan's climate is varied because of the difference in elevation from one
end of the country to another. During the summer months from April to
September the mountainous north is pleasant and temperate, but the Indus
Valley swelters in temperatures of 100ºF (40ºC) or...........
Diversity prevails in the culture of Pakistan. This stems from the fact that
what is now Pakistan has in the past been invaded and occupied by many
different peoples, including White Huns, Persians, Arabs, Turks, Mongols and
various Eurasian groups.............
Along with parts of western
India, Pakistan contains the archeological remains of an urban civilization
dating back 4,500 years. Alexander the Great included the Indus Valley in
his empire in 326 B.C., and his successors founded the Indo-Greek kingdom of
Bactria based in what is today Afghanistan and extending to Peshawar............