The official name
the geographical centre of Europe is mostly known just asSlovakia(orSlovenskoinSlovak
language). The republic was established on 1st of January 1993 after
splitting Czechoslovakia into two countries – Czech Republic and Slovakia.
both countries is parliamentary democracy and the first day of the year
holiday. Slovakia as the smaller country was the one which had to adopt newstate
5.398 million; Bratislava with 440000 inhabitants is the
largest city and the capital at the same time.
Ethnicity is mainly Slovak
is a large Hungarian minority (10%) in the South of Slovakia, the second
largest ethnic group is Romany (2%, the exact percentage can differ a lot
between sources depending on the measurements, because many Romas subscribe
themselves to other minorities, mostly Hungarian) and the third group are
Czechs (1%). Rusyn, Ukrainian, Russian, German, Polish and others have less
than 2% alltogether.
87% of the population is
most of them (69% of the population) belong to Roman Catholic Church. Otherreligionshave
only small shares – Lutherans (6.9%), Greek Catholics (4.1%), Protestant
Reformers (2.0%) and Orthodox Church (0.9%).
modern European economy and society, Slovakia has a significant rural
of Slovaks live in villageswith
fewer than 5000 inhabitants, and 14% in villages with fewer than 1000.
Slovak Republic isa
central European countrywith
vast forest areas extending on two fifths of its territory. Itstotal
18,932 sq mi (49,035 sq km) does not rank Slovakia among large countries.
Slovakian westernmost and easternmost points are separated only by 266.5 mi..........
The Slovak climate is generally temperate with four seasons. Summers are
warm with temperatures in July averaging 70°F (21°C), while the coldest
month, January, averages 28°F (-2°C)...........
Slovakian culture is distinct from other countries in Europe, even the Czech
Republic. While the cuisine will vary from one area to another, it borrows
certain aspects from its neighbors, while adding a touch which is Slovakian.
One dish found in this country is Bryndzove halusky,...........
The present-day Slovakia was under Hungarian rule
from the 11th until the early 20th century directly or as a part of the
Habsburg Empire. Intellectuals seeking to revive the Slovak language and
culture began the Slovak national revival in the 19th century............