situated on the northern part of the South American continent, Venezuela has
its coasts on the Atlantic ocean and on the Caribbean sea, it shares
boundaries with Brazil to the south, Colombia to the west and Guyana to the
east, is a truly gateway to Latin America. Due to its location, the
Venezuelan capital, Caracas, has become an important air transport hub in
the Western Hemisphere, with daily connections to any part of the Americas
as well as Europe.
Venezuela is truly an overwhelming young country,
with about 64% of its population under the age of 25, of the country’s
29.28 million population more than 90% is literate and nearly 40% Venezuela’s
workforce has completed secondary school. The country also boasts a
well-trained pool of professionals and technicians educated inside and
overseas. Venezuela today’s population is the result of a multi-ethnic
mixture of European, African and Native American bloodlines. Above 65% is of
mixed native and European migrant people settled in the country particularly
after the end of the World War II. Roughly 85% of the population lives in
urban areas. Spanish is the Venezuelan official language and English the
second one taught at different levels of its education system.
With its location at the northernmost end of South America, Venezuela has a
total area of 912,050 square kilometers and a land area of 882,050 square
kilometers, about twice the size of California. Shaped roughly like an
inverted triangle, the country has a 2,800-kilometer coastline.........
Venezuela has a pleasant climate all the year round due to its situation
just above the equator. The tropical climate of Venezuela is influenced by
its altitude giving the country four climatic zones............
Venezuelan houses and churches stand as proofs of its rich architectural
heritage and the modern houses are built in simple styles. Arts and theater
of Venezuela also form inseparable parts of Venezuelan Culture. Spanish is
spoken by majority. However, native languages are prevalent in certain parts
of the country...........
From 1740 with Bogotá as the capital,
modern nations of Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador are grouped together as
the Spanish viceroyaltyof
New Granada. The second half of the 18th century is a time of considerable
progress in the region. Spain relaxes the long-standing mercantilist
restrictions on trade with its colonies,............